Origin of Implant
By Dr. Anakhaphan Kamthan
In the old days, when a person lost his or her tooth in an accident or because of the decay and gum disease, he or she would replace the missing tooth with something like an animal bone or tooth. At times, a servant’s tooth would make a perfect replacement for the master’s missing one. Doesn’t it sound horrendous? It really was the solution back in the old days. When time passed, there were ideas to replace the missing tooth with artificial materials such as porcelain and plastic. However, people kept on their dental innovation and came up with the transplantation of tooth on the jaw’s tissue.
During 1960s to 1980s, it was accidentally discovered by the Swedish doctor, Professor Per-Ingvar Branemark, and his team that the rabbit’ bones can be binded to titanium in his experiment. This discovery was later called ‘Osseotegration’ and it could be deemed as the origin of ‘implant’ development up to now.
Professor Per-Ingvar Brånemark
Radiograph of Brånemark’s initial rabbit specimen, showing the titanium optic chamber fixed to the rabbit’s tibia and fibula
Article adapted from Osseointegration in Dentistry: An Overview 2nd edition. Author: Philip Worrhington